Why was France in debt?

French involvement in the Seven Years’ War and the American War of Independence added substantially to the state’s debts. Jacques Necker, finance minister from 1777 and 1781, had largely funded France’s war effort through loans. As a result the state debt ballooned to between 8 and 12 billion livres by 1789.

What were the 3 main causes of the French revolution?

The causes can be narrowed to five main factors: the Estate System, Absolutism, ideas stemming from the Enlightenment, food shortages, and The American Revolution.

Was debt and taxes a major cause of the French revolution?

The spark that ignited the French Revolution (1789-1799), one of the most important events in modern global history, was actually government debt, accumulated during the course of two wars, and the desire of King Louis XVI to increase taxes to pay off that debt.

What did the kings of France spend money on that put the country into debt?

The kings of France put the country into debt by building palaces like the Palace of Versailles and waging expensive wars. The people of France had to pay for the debt with taxes, which made them frustrated. Eventually, the inequality and abuses of the government led to the French Revolution.

What was the main cause of the French revolution?

The main cause of the French Revolution was the despotic rule of Louis XVI, division of French society, rising prices,inspiration of the philosophers,role of middle class.

What financial crisis caused the French Revolution?

Throughout the 18th century, France faced a mounting economic crisis. A rapidly growing population had outpaced the food supply. A severe winter in 1788 resulted in famine and widespread starvation in the countryside. Rising prices in Paris brought bread riots.

Why was the French Revolution so violent?

Following the king’s execution, war with various European powers and intense divisions within the National Convention brought the French Revolution to its most violent and turbulent phase.

Why did the French tax the poor?

The desire for more efficient tax collection was one of the major causes for French administrative and royal centralization. The taille, a direct land tax on the peasantry and non-nobles, became a major source of royal income.

What was France major tax problem?

According to conventional wisdom, the Ancien Régime’s taxation regime was excessive, inefficient and unfair. It was excessive because France had become one of the highest taxing states in Europe, chiefly because of its warmongering, growing bureaucracy and high spending.

What effect did the national debt have on France?

world history ch. 6

Question Answer
the economic crisis in France was caused by bad harvests, deficit spending, and costly wars
what effect did the national debt have on France? it helped to worsen the economic crisis
what happened after the Tennis Court Oath? Royal troops gathered around Paris

Did we ever pay France back?

In 1795, the United States was finally able to settle its debts with the French Government with the help of James Swan, an American banker who privately assumed French debts at a slightly higher interest rate.

What did the French profit from?

Of course, only a small proportion of the population were directly involved, but fishing and whaling nevertheless continued to be a significant component of the economy throughout the course of the French regime and even much later. But the fur trade was the real economic driver of New France.

Who drained the financial resources of France?

Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Added to this was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Under Louis XVI, France helped the thirteen American colonies to gain their independence from the common enemy, Britain.

What are the 3 French revolutions?

But, as with all things historical, there’s also a lengthy and complex answer: It depends. “If revolution is a regime change involving collective physical force, then the key dates are 1789, 1830 and 1848,” said Peter Jones, a professor of French history at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom.

What were the three most important causes of the French Revolution essay?

Ultimately, there was three main reasons for the French Revolution. The Estate System, economic policies and autocratic monarchy gave rise to a bloody revolution, which led to the need for equality, liberty and fraternity in France.

What are the causes and effects of French Revolution?

The primary cause of the French Revolution was the dissatisfaction of the common people with the absolute monarchy of King Louis XVI. Other causes include economic inequality and social injustice. Answer. The French Revolution began on July 14, 1789, with the storming of the Bastille.

Who won the French Revolution?


The revolution came to an end 1799 when a general named Napoleon overthrew the revolutionary government and established the French Consulate (with Napoleon as leader).

What were the 2 causes of the French revolution?

Although scholarly debate continues about the exact causes of the Revolution, the following reasons are commonly adduced: (1) the bourgeoisie resented its exclusion from political power and positions of honour; (2) the peasants were acutely aware of their situation and were less and less willing to support the