Yield Potential: Estimating Maize Production per Acre

In the realm of agricultural productivity, understanding the yield potential of crops is essential for farmers, researchers, and policy makers alike. Among a wide variety of crops, maize (Zea mays) occupies a prominent position as the world’s staple food. In this expert article, we explore the intricacies of estimating maize production per acre. By examining the key factors that influence yield and using empirical evidence, we aim to shed light on the approximate number of bags of corn that can be harvested per acre.

Factors affecting corn yield

Corn production can be affected by a variety of factors ranging from environmental conditions to agronomic practices. Here are some key factors that can significantly affect corn yield:

  1. Climatic conditions: Corn is sensitive to temperature, moisture, and sunlight. Adequate rainfall, optimal growing season temperatures and sufficient sunlight are essential to maximize yield potential. However, extreme weather events such as drought, excessive rainfall, or heat waves can adversely affect production.
  2. Soil fertility: Corn requires nutrient-rich soils for optimal growth and development. Adequate levels of essential nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, are critical to achieving high yields. Soil testing and appropriate fertilization practices can help maintain optimal soil fertility levels.
  3. Genetics and varieties: Corn variety selection plays a critical role in determining yield potential. Modern hybrid varieties are often bred for high-yielding traits, disease resistance and improved agronomic characteristics. Selecting appropriate varieties based on local conditions and farmer preferences can help maximize production per acre.
  4. Plant density and spacing: Proper plant density and spacing are critical to optimizing corn yield. Overcrowding can lead to competition for resources, resulting in lower yields, while sparse planting may not use available resources efficiently. Balancing plant density based on variety characteristics and local recommendations is critical.

Estimating corn production per acre

While maize yields can vary widely depending on the factors mentioned above, it is possible to make a general estimate of production per acre based on empirical evidence and regional averages. It is important to note that these estimates are approximations and may vary between regions and farming practices.

On average, under favorable conditions and with proper management practices, corn yields can range from 150 to 200 bushels per acre. Using a standard bushel weight of 56 pounds (25.4 kg), this translates to approximately 8,400 to 11,200 pounds (3,810 to 5,080 kg) of corn per acre.

When it comes to bagging corn, the typical bag size for commercial purposes is often around 50 kilograms (110 pounds). Therefore, based on the estimated yield range mentioned above, one acre of corn production can yield approximately 76 to 102 bags of corn.

Key agronomic practices to maximize corn yield per acre

Maximizing corn yield per acre requires the use of effective agronomic practices that optimize plant growth, nutrient uptake and overall plant health. Here are some common agronomic practices that can help maximize corn yield:

  • Seed selection: Selecting high-quality seed of improved maize varieties that are well adapted to local conditions is critical. Selecting hybrids with traits such as high yield potential, disease resistance, and tolerance to specific environmental stresses can significantly increase productivity.
  • Planting at the right time: Timely planting is essential for optimizing corn yields. Planting should occur when soil temperatures have reached the optimum range for seed germination and plant establishment. Early planting allows for a longer growing season and better utilization of available resources.
  • Seedbed preparation: Proper seedbed preparation is essential to promote uniform germination and vigorous early growth. This includes thorough tillage to create a fine, weed-free seedbed that provides good seed-to-soil contact for proper germination.
  • Plant density and spacing: Optimizing plant population density and spacing is critical to maximizing corn yield. Based on the recommended plant density for the selected variety, proper spacing should be maintained to avoid overcrowding or sparse stands that can negatively impact yield potential.
  • Fertilization: Applying appropriate fertilizers based on soil nutrient analysis is critical to meeting the nutrient needs of corn. Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) are the primary macronutrients that significantly affect yield. Based on soil test results, growers can implement targeted fertilization strategies to ensure optimal nutrient availability throughout the growing season.
  • Weed Management: Effective weed management is essential to minimize competition for resources. This can be achieved through a combination of pre- and post-emergence herbicide applications, mechanical cultivation or mulching practices. Timely and targeted weed management helps maintain optimal crop growth and maximize yield potential.
  • Irrigation management: In regions where irrigation is required, proper water management is critical to maximizing corn yield. Irrigation should be applied based on crop water requirements, taking into account factors such as soil moisture, rainfall patterns and growth stage. Avoiding under- or over-irrigation helps maintain optimal soil moisture conditions for corn growth.
  • Disease and pest management: Monitoring and managing diseases and pests is critical to maintaining crop health and maximizing yield. Implementing integrated pest management (IPM) practices, including cultural, biological and chemical control methods, can help reduce the impact of diseases, insects and other pests on corn production.
  • Crop Rotation and Residue Management: Implementing crop rotation practices and managing crop residues can help maximize corn yields. Crop rotation helps break pest and disease cycles, improves soil structure and enhances nutrient cycling. Proper residue management, such as incorporating crop residues into the soil or using conservation tillage practices, promotes soil health and nutrient availability for subsequent corn crops.
  • Monitor and adjust: Regular crop monitoring throughout the growing season allows early detection of problems or deficiencies. Prompt action can be taken to address nutrient imbalances, diseases, pests, or other challenges that may arise. Regular scouting, tissue sampling and consultation with agronomic experts can help make informed decisions and adjust management practices accordingly.

By implementing these agronomic practices, farmers can optimize corn yield per acre, promoting sustainable and productive farming systems while contributing to food security and economic stability. It is important to note that successful maize production depends on local conditions, specific varieties, and continuous learning and adaptation to achieve the best results.


Estimating corn production per acre requires consideration of several factors that influence yield potential, including climatic conditions, soil fertility, genetics, and agronomic practices. While regional averages and empirical evidence can provide rough estimates, it is important to consider local variations and tailor management practices accordingly. By understanding the factors at play and applying sound agricultural practices, farmers can strive to maximize maize yields per acre, contributing to food security, economic stability and sustainable agricultural systems.


How many bags of maize can an acre produce?

The yield of corn per acre can vary depending on factors such as climate, soil fertility, genetics and agronomic practices. However, as a general estimate, one acre of corn can yield approximately 76 to 102 bags of corn. It is important to note that this estimate is based on regional averages and may vary depending on local conditions and farming practices. To achieve optimal yields, growers should consider factors such as seed selection, proper planting timing, plant density, fertilization, weed management and disease control, among others. By implementing sound agronomic practices and adapting them to their specific circumstances, farmers can work toward maximizing corn production per acre.

How many bags of maize can be harvested from an acre?

A soil that is rich in nutrients and very healthy can produce more than 20 bags of maize per acre. A poor soil can produce as low as 1 bag of maize per acre. You should do a soil test before you start your maize farming venture.

What is the yield of maize per acre?

Officials said the world average of maize yield was 2,357 kg per acre although it was much higher in the United States of America (USA) at 4,262 kg per acre. In the country, the average maize yield during 2019-20 was 1,973 kg per acre and in Telangana in the last five years yield of maize has been 2,600 kg per acre.

How many bags of maize can be harvested in a hectare?

A hectare of farmland can produce about 50 – 70 bags of maize (dry maize grains). Please note that a bag of maize weighs 100kg. The average maize farmers in Nigeria usually harvest as low as 10 – 20 bags of maize per hectare due to the implementation of poor agronomic practices.

How much can I earn from an acre of maize in Uganda?

In Uganda, an acre of maize yields 1,000kg on average for non-commercial farmers. This means if a farmer sells each kilogramme at sh600, then he can only earn sh600,000 from his efforts. However, commercial farmers who use fertilizers harvest between 1,800 to 2,200 kilogrammes per acre.

How many 50kg bags of maize can 1 hectare produce?

4 by 50kg bags will be sufficient for a ha. Apply urea when the plant are about 30cm or just below your knee level. Urea is the source of nitrogen for maize. 4 bags of urea is the minimum to apply per ha.

How much is 100kg bag of maize in Nigeria?

How much does a bag of maize cost in Nigerian Markets?

Quantity Market Price Range
100kg bag Igbudu Market N14000
Paint Bucket Igbudu Market N550


How many kgs of maize can be planted in an acre?

A seed rate of about 25 kg/ha is required, but this depends on the seed size. 10 kg is enough to plant 1 acre and 5 kg for half an acre. Small seed will go further, and give equal germination and yield performance as large seed.

What is the best time to plant maize?

LATE SEASON Late season maize is recommended only for areas where rainfall is likely to be adequate. Popcorn is best planted in the late season where proper drying could be easily effected for optimum popping expansion. Planting should be done preferably between 1–15 August.

How many months do maize take to mature?

Maize can take from 60 to 100 days to reach harvest depending upon plant variety and the amount of heat during the growing season.

Which fertilizer is best for maize?

Nitrogen: Nitrogen is the most important nutrient and role player in the growth, yield and quality of maize crops. Nitrogen fertilizer is essential to promote good leaf growth. Smaller leaves result in reduced photosynthesis, a process required for starch storage in the grain.

How do you grow maize for maximum yield?

Planting should start a few days after the onset of the rains when the soil is moist. Fourth, for good growth and development, maize should be planted at the right spacing. The recommended spacing is 75cm between rows and 25cm for plants. The planting holes should be about 5cm deep.

Which fertilizer is best for maize in Nigeria?

The Best Fertilizer for Maize Farming in Nigeria

  • NPK Fertilizers. NPK Fertilizer is a type of fertilizer that contains Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. …
  • Urea Fertilizer. …
  • Diammonium Phosphate Fertilizer (DAP) …
  • Single Super Phosphate Fertilizer. …
  • Humate.


How many kg of maize will 1 hectare of land?

20 kg

About 15–20 kg of maize seeds is required to plant a hectare, which is about 2½ acres.

Is farming maize profitable?

It was a huge project and I later discovered that maize is not that profitable. It is labour intensive and require a lot of inputs such as pricy fertilizers and weed killer.

Which fertilizer is best for maize in Uganda?

Di ammonium phosphate (DAP)

The recommended fertiliser types include Di ammonium phosphate (DAP) which must be applied one bottle top per hole. Farmers are required to apply 94 kilogrammes per hectare and 34 kilogrammes per acre. Urea can be applied when the plants are one month old and at the time of flowering.

What is the yield of maize per acre in Nigeria?

Nigeria maize yield was at level of 2 tonnes per ha in 2020, unchanged from the previous year.

How much is a bag of maize in Kenya?

In Nairobi and Mombasa, the price of maize is between 80 to 85 shillings for 2 kilos and an average of 3,000 to 3,300 shillings for the 90-kilogram bag.

How many kg of maize will 1 hectare of land?

20 kg

About 15–20 kg of maize seeds is required to plant a hectare, which is about 2½ acres.

How many acres of corn can be harvested in a day?

A corn combine can process about 200 acres of field corn each day, which is important as corn needs to be harvested at a certain moisture content for proper storage.

Why do farmers harvest corn at night?

Why is Corn Harvested at Night? Corn is harvested at night due to the conditions of the corn stalks. They are approximately six to eight feet tall, and as the workers are harvesting in an area where the temperature can get up to 100°F during the harvesting season, it is preferable to harvest at night when it is cooler.

How many times can corn be harvested?

How Many Times Can You Harvest Corn a Year? Corn is an annual crop that needs to be planted every year and can only be harvested once a year. Given its adequate growing conditions, corn can produce between two and four ears depending on its variety.