What is soil erosion apes?



Soil erosion is the movement of weathered rock or soil components from one place to another. Erosion is caused by flowing water, wind and human activity (cultivating inappropriate land, burning of native vegetation, deforestation, and construction).

What is soil erosion definition?

Soil erosion is a gradual process that occurs when the impact of water or wind detaches and removes soil particles, causing the soil to deteriorate. Soil deterioration and low water quality due to erosion and surface runoff have become severe problems worldwide.

How can we prevent soil erosion apes?

Alley Cropping (Agroforestry) – Planting trees among agricultural crops helps to protect the soil from erosion, particularly after crops are harvested. The trees will give some protection from rain splash. Fruit, trees, legume trees for fodder or firewood and alley cropping all help reduce soil erosion.

What is soil degradation apes?





Land degradation occurs when the future ability of the land to support crops, livestock, or wild species is decreased. A major type of land degradation is soil erosion. Define soil erosion. SE occurs when soil components are moved from one place to another.

What causes soil erosion?

It is usually caused due to the removal of vegetation, or any activity that renders the ground dry. Farming, grazing, mining, construction and recreational activities are some of the causes of soil erosion. The effects of soil erosion are not just land degradation.

What are the effects of soil erosion?

Impacts of erosion

  • reduced ability of the soil to store water and nutrients.
  • exposure of subsoil, which often has poor physical and chemical properties.
  • higher rates of runoff, shedding water and nutrients otherwise used for crop growth.
  • loss of newly planted crops.
  • deposits of silt in low-lying areas.


What is the difference between soil erosion and soil degradation?





Soil erosion, in general, is a part of land degradation. In soil erosion, the top layer of the soil is carried away. Agents of soil erosion include strong wind on bare land and large amounts of water. In contrast, land degradation is the decline of land productivity resulting from decreased soil quality.

Is soil erosion and soil degradation same?

Soil degradation is a decline in soil quality due to misuse, usually from agricultural, pastoral, industrial or urban purposes. Soil erosion is a part of soil degradation. Soil erosion specifically refers to the loss of top soil and soil nutrients.

How can soil erosion be controlled?

You can reduce soil erosion by:

  1. Maintaining a healthy, perennial plant cover.
  2. Mulching.
  3. Planting a cover crop – such as winter rye in vegetable gardens. …
  4. Placing crushed stone, wood chips, and other similar materials in heavily used areas where vegetation is hard to establish and maintain.

What is soil erosion and its types?

Soil Erosion is one form of soil degradation. It occurs in almost all types of lands. Flowing water, rainwater, and the wind are the prime agents which cause a significant amount of soil loss each year.

What is soil erosion and how can we conserve it?

APES Video Notes 4.2 – Soil Formation & Erosion



What are 4 methods of controlling soil erosion?

Five main techniques that can help in controlling soil erosion are as follows: (i) Contour Farming (ii) Strip Cropping (iii) Terracing (iv) Gully Reclamation (v) Shelter Belts!

How can 10 points prevent soil erosion?

15 Wonderful Methods to Control Erosion

  1. Planting Vegetation. This method involves planting crops with deep roots that can hold the soil in place. …
  2. Contour Farming. …
  3. Applying Mulches. …
  4. Avoiding Overgrazing. …
  5. Reforestation. …
  6. Use Plastic Sheeting. …
  7. Use of Silt Fencing. …
  8. Applying Terraseeding Method.

How can we fix soil erosion?

Plant grass and shrubs.



Bare soil is easily swept away by wind and water, the two main causes of erosion. Plant roots hold the soil together, while their leaves block rain and stop it from breaking the soil apart. Turf, ornamental grass, and low, spreading shrubs work best since they cover the soil completely.

Why should we prevent soil erosion?

Soil erosion affects soil health and productivity by removing the highly fertile topsoil and exposing the remaining soil. It decreases agricultural productivity, degrades ecosystem functions and amplifies hydrogeological risk, such as landslides or floods.

What is soil erosion and its types?

Soil Erosion is one form of soil degradation. It occurs in almost all types of lands. Flowing water, rainwater, and the wind are the prime agents which cause a significant amount of soil loss each year.