Planning of the most cost-effective production process (production technology, production types). Process planning must be carried out in the event of changes in production planning, e.g. the introduction of a new product and changes in process parameters, and also when determining optimum production processes. Process planning forms the basis for production program planning and production process planning.
- What is procedural planning theory?
- What is the difference between procedural and substantive planning theory?
- What are the Nine procedural theories of planning?
- What are the types of planning theories?
- What is substantive theory in planning?
- What is the difference between theory in planning and theory of planning?
- What is rational planning theory?
- How many planning theories are there?
- What is the importance of planning theory?
- What are the three levels of planning?
- What is critical planning theory?
- How has planning theory changed over time?
- What is regional planning theory?
- What are planning concepts?
- What is a substantive theory?
What is procedural planning theory?
PROCEDURAL planning theory deals with the making and implementing of plans. It is concerned with the proces- ses and techniques which are employed by planners in their work as well as the operating modes of planning agencies. Consequently, it is overwhelmingly focussed on the means of planning and not the ends.
What is the difference between procedural and substantive planning theory?
It is quite easy to distinguish between procedural and content theories. The main thing is to understand what they focus on. Procedural theories, first of all, focus on the process of achieving the result itself. They explain how a person moves toward what he or she wants, what type of behavior he or she chooses. Content theories shift the focus to needs. These theories primarily answer the question of why a person did something.
What are the Nine procedural theories of planning?
There are nine procedural theories of planning that remain the principal theories of planning procedure today: the Rational-Comprehensive approach, the Incremental approach, the Transformative Incremental (TI) approach, the Transactive approach, the Communicative approach, the Advocacy approach, the Equity approach, the Radical approach, and the Humanist or Phenomenological approach.
What are the types of planning theories?
The result would be six types of planning theory: 1) analytical-explanative, 2) formal-explanative, 3) procedural-explanative, 4) analytical prescriptive, 5) formal-prescriptive, 6) procedural-prescriptive.
What is substantive theory in planning?
Substantive theory focuses on the substance/subject of urban planning: e.g., on city form, design, layout, on what makes a good city, etc. (influenced by architecture, landscape architecture, geography, etc.).
What is the difference between theory in planning and theory of planning?
Theory in planning is based on the content of planning; whereas, theory of planning covers the form, styles or approaches which goes into the overall planning.
What is rational planning theory?
RATIONAL PLANNING MODEL: Definition • The rational planning model is the process of realizing a problem, establishing and evaluating planning criteria, creating alternatives, implementing alternatives, and monitoring progress of the alternatives. • Used in designing neighborhoods, cities, and regions.
How many planning theories are there?
There are eight procedural theories of planning that remain the principal theories of planning procedure today: the rational-comprehensive approach, the incremental approach, the transactive approach, the communicative approach, the advocacy approach, the equity approach, the radical approach, and the humanist or
What is the importance of planning theory?
Planning theory is intended to help students navigate the complexities of planning practice by developing their sensitivities to particular issues and values, which can offer a helpful point of departure when planners have to take difficult decisions.
What are the three levels of planning?
There are three major types of planning, which include operational, tactical and strategic planning.
What is critical planning theory?
Critical planning theory (CPT) engages with questions of power, equity, language, knowledge construction, and related issues so as to test “professional concepts, models and ‘gospels’ against their real world material and discursive consequences” (Yiftachel and Huxley, 2000: p. 910).
How has planning theory changed over time?
Planning theory has shifted over time in response to changes in broader social and philosophical theory as well as changes in the material world. Postmodernism and poststructuralism dislodged modernist, rational and technical approaches to planning.
What is regional planning theory?
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town. Regional planning is related to urban planning as it relates land use practices on a broader scale.
What are planning concepts?
Concept and meaning of Planning
It is looking ahead. It attempts to define the future road Map of any organization. Planning is the basis for other managerial functions among the organizing directing and controlling. Planning selects future courses of action from among the alternatives.
What is a substantive theory?
A theoretical model that provides a “working theory” of action for a specific context.