# Cross Exchange Rate: Definition, Calculation, and Significance

A cross exchange rate is the exchange rate between two currencies that are both valued against a third currency, usually the United States Dollar (USD). It allows for the direct conversion of one currency to another without the need for an intermediate conversion to the USD.

### Key Facts

1. Definition: A cross exchange rate is the exchange rate between two currencies that are both valued against a third currency, usually the USD.
2. Calculation: To calculate a cross exchange rate, you would first determine the exchange rates of each currency against the USD, and then calculate the exchange rate between the two currencies directly.
3. Significance: Cross exchange rates are important for international trade and investment, as they allow for direct currency conversions between two non-USD currencies. They eliminate the need for multiple conversions through the USD, making transactions more efficient.
4. Commonly Quoted Cross Rates: Some commonly quoted cross rates include the euro and the Japanese yen (EUR/JPY) and the euro and the British pound (EUR/GBP).
5. Market Convention: In cross exchange rates, the stronger currency is typically used as the base currency. For example, if the New Zealand dollar (NZD) is stronger than the Australian dollar (AUD), the exchange rate would be quoted as NZD/AUD.
6. Impact on Businesses: Cross exchange rates can have an impact on businesses that engage in international trade, as they affect the cost of supplies purchased from different countries and the demand for products from overseas customers.

### Calculation

To calculate a cross exchange rate, the following formula is used:

## Cross Exchange Rate = (Exchange Rate of Currency A / Exchange Rate of Common Currency) * Exchange Rate of Currency B

For example, if the exchange rate of the Euro (EUR) to the USD is 1.1500 and the exchange rate of the USD to the Japanese Yen (JPY) is 110.00, the cross exchange rate of the EUR to the JPY would be:

## EUR/JPY = (1.1500 / 110.00) * 110.00 = 126.50

This indicates that 1 Euro is equivalent to 126.50 Japanese Yen.

### Significance

Cross exchange rates play a crucial role in international trade and investment. They enable direct currency conversions between two non-USD currencies, simplifying transactions and reducing the need for multiple conversions through the USD. This leads to increased efficiency and cost savings in international business operations.

Some commonly quoted cross rates include the euro and the Japanese yen (EUR/JPY), the euro and the British pound (EUR/GBP), and the Australian dollar and the New Zealand dollar (AUD/NZD).

In the foreign exchange market, cross exchange rates are determined by supply and demand, influenced by various economic and political factors. They can fluctuate frequently, impacting businesses that engage in international trade. Changes in cross exchange rates can affect the cost of supplies purchased from different countries and the demand for products from overseas customers.

### Market Convention

In cross exchange rates, the stronger currency is typically used as the base currency. For instance, if the New Zealand dollar (NZD) is stronger than the Australian dollar (AUD), the exchange rate would be quoted as NZD/AUD. This convention simplifies currency conversions and facilitates comparisons between currencies.

Cross exchange rates can have a significant impact on businesses that engage in international trade. Fluctuations in cross exchange rates can affect the cost of supplies purchased from different countries, as well as the demand for products from overseas customers. Businesses need to monitor cross exchange rates closely and implement appropriate risk management strategies to mitigate the impact of currency fluctuations on their operations.

References

## FAQs

### What is a cross exchange rate?

A cross exchange rate is the exchange rate between two currencies that are both valued against a third currency, usually the United States Dollar (USD). It allows for the direct conversion of one currency to another without the need for an intermediate conversion to the USD.

### How is a cross exchange rate calculated?

To calculate a cross exchange rate, you would first determine the exchange rates of each currency against the USD, and then calculate the exchange rate between the two currencies directly. The formula is:

Cross Exchange Rate = (Exchange Rate of Currency A / Exchange Rate of Common Currency) * Exchange Rate of Currency B

### Why are cross exchange rates important?

Cross exchange rates are important for international trade and investment, as they allow for direct currency conversions between two non-USD currencies. This simplifies transactions, reduces costs, and increases efficiency in international business operations.

### What are some commonly quoted cross exchange rates?

Some commonly quoted cross exchange rates include:

• Euro and Japanese Yen (EUR/JPY)
• Euro and British Pound (EUR/GBP)
• Australian Dollar and New Zealand Dollar (AUD/NZD)

### How do cross exchange rates impact businesses?

Cross exchange rates can have a significant impact on businesses that engage in international trade. Fluctuations in cross exchange rates can affect the cost of supplies purchased from different countries, as well as the demand for products from overseas customers.

### How are cross exchange rates determined?

Cross exchange rates are determined by supply and demand in the foreign exchange market, influenced by various economic and political factors. They can fluctuate frequently, impacting businesses that engage in international trade.

### What is the market convention for cross exchange rates?

In cross exchange rates, the stronger currency is typically used as the base currency. This simplifies currency conversions and facilitates comparisons between currencies.

### How can businesses manage the impact of cross exchange rate fluctuations?

Businesses can manage the impact of cross exchange rate fluctuations by implementing appropriate risk management strategies, such as hedging and diversification. They can also monitor cross exchange rates closely and adjust their business strategies accordingly.