Lodging is when the crop falls over. A normal vertical crop is finely balanced, so anything that upsets the balance will cause it to lodge: strong winds, heavy rain, a very wet soil during late grain filling, tall thin stems that bend, root or stem rots that weaken the plant base.
How does lodging happen?
Lodging is the falling of crop plants at the grain maturation stage. It happens due to untimely rains and strong winds.
What are the effects of lodging?
Lodging is very costly due to its effects on flowering, grain filling, grain formation, carbohydrate assimilation, poor grain quality, associated harvesting problems and high yield losses. If lodging occurs after the plant matures will not affect the grain yield but it may reduce the amount of harvestable grain.
How do you avoid lodging?
Setting seed farther apart, amending soil for proper drainage, delaying nitrogen fertilization, and plant growth regulators are all methods to reduce the loss from lodging. Plants affected by lodging should not receive nitrogen until the root system has had time to tiller and form crown roots.
What does lodge mean in plants?
Lodging is defined as the permanent displacement of crop stems from their vertical position as a result of stem buckling and/or root displacement.
What causes lodging in rice?
Lodging occurs when plant stems weaken to the point they can no longer support the weight of the grain causing it to fall over. As growers push for maximum grain yield, lodging is becoming a significant factor in rice production, increasing the time and cost of harvest and often resulting in significant yield loss.
What causes lodging in barley?
Lodging usually occurs when the grain head becomes too heavy in relation to the plant height and stem strength, causing it to fall over.
What are the major causes of lodging in wheat production?
Lodging happens when the stalk breaks below the ear. This means yield losses, increased time to harvest and may also influence the grain quality.
The main causes are the following:
- Severe weather;
- Stalk borer damage;
- Nutrient deficiency; and.
- Stem and root rot.
What is the full meaning of Lodge?
: a house set apart for residence in a particular season (such as the hunting season) : a resort hotel : inn. mountain lodges.
What causes lodging in soybeans?
Overplanting, especially when soybean seed is drilled, can cause plants to lodge because plants grow taller and more slender as they compete for light.
What does lodging resistance mean?
Lodging resistance is one of the most important factors in the production of cereals. It is connected with straw stiffness and plant height. Intraspecific variation of straw length based on the Dw genes is not much useful because of negative side-effects on plant morphology and physiology.
Why do crops Lodge?
Lodging is usually caused because of a combination of morphological (structural) and environmental causes. Lodging can simply be as a result of adverse weather such as high winds, heavy rainfall or hail literally pushing the crop over. There are, however, a number of factors that will increase the risk of lodging.
What is lodging in which plant does it occur?
Lodging is the bending over of the stems near ground level of grain crops, which makes them very difficult to harvest, and can dramatically reduce yield.
What does lodging mean in agriculture?
Lodging refers to the permanent displacement of aboveground portions of crops from their vertical stance due to stem buckling (stem lodging) or failure of the root–soil anchorage system (root lodging).
How do you keep rice from lodging?
Conclusions. An improvement in the lodging resistance of japonica rice plants could be achieved by reducing the length of the lower internodes, decreasing the inner culm diameter and developing a thicker mechanical tissue.
How do you avoid lodging in wheat?
Light irrigation can be given at dough stage of wheat if required. Conservation agricultural practices such as zero tillage and maintaining crop residues in the field improve soil structure and root anchorage of the wheat plants, which ultimately reduces the risk of lodging.
What is the brief history of lodging?
In Old times, locals used to let the travelers rest on kitchen floors or other extra spaces during their journey. There were no purpose-built resting facilities for tourists until monasteries decided to build one. This gave birth to lodging services.
In what ways has the lodging Consumer changed?
Instead of focusing on ownership like in the traditional economy, consumers seemed to prefer sharing or renting from luxury watches to clothing, cars, houses, apartments and so on. Not owning- assets seemed to be on the rise.
What is the hotel life cycle?
This model lays out the cycle of a destination into a series of stages: exploration, involvement, development, consolidation and stagnation.
What is life cycle in hotel industry?
The mean duration of the hotel industry cycles is 7.3 years, calculated either by peak to peak or trough to trough. An interesting finding is that the hotel industry declines sharply once it reached to the peaks. In general, the mean duration for the contraction is about two years.
What are the 5 stages of a guests journey?
The guest experience can be broken down into five stages: research stage, booking stage, arrival stage, stay stage and post-stay stage.
Why is a guest cycle important?
Just like the pre-arrival stage, making the guest feel welcomed and well-informed right before they check-in can make them feel valued. Besides, this can also help create a positive attitude towards your lodging business and its services.