What are the symptoms of underdevelopment?



Symptoms of underdevelopment do not begin and end with poverty, ill-health, declining productivity, low technology and the crippling viciousness of hunger and malnutrition; they extend to the national celebration of mediocrity and the enthronement and the worship of Liliputanism.

What are the main causes of underdevelopment?

The main causes of underdevelopment of an economy include:

  • poverty;
  • child marriage;
  • illiteracy;
  • high population growth rate;
  • corruption;
  • high dependence on agriculture;
  • economic inequality;
  • lack of structural, institutional, and technical change.


What are the characteristics of underdevelopment?





Underdevelopment is low level of development characterized by low real per capita income, wide-spread poverty, lower level of literacy, low life expectancy and underutilisation of resources etc.

What are the effects of underdevelopment?

Chronic underdevelopment condemns more than 1 billion people to lives of poverty, illness, and poor political and economic prospects. Long-term goals of economic and human development are undermined by scarce, unreliable, or unaffordable supplies of vital resources such as food, water, and energy.

What are the types of underdevelopment?

This level can be divided into core (rich country), semi-periphery (developing country) and periphery (poor country) (Sorinel, 2010).

What is meant by underdevelopment?

Definition of underdeveloped



1 : not normally or adequately developed underdeveloped muscles underdeveloped film. 2 : having a relatively low economic level of industrial production and standard of living (as from lack of capital) underdeveloped nations.

What is the process of underdevelopment?





Underdevelopment is viewed as an externally-induced process which is perpetuated by a small but powerful domestic elite who form an alliance with the international capitalist system. The “development of underdevelopment” is therefore systemic and path-dependent.

What are 5 characteristics of a less developed country?

Characteristics of LDCs (cont)

  • Inadequate technology & capital.
  • Low saving rates.
  • Dual economy.
  • Varying dependence on international trade.
  • Rapid population growth (1.6% to DCs’ 0.1% yearly)
  • Low literacy & school enrollment rates.
  • Unskilled labor force.
  • Poorly developed institutions.


What is the main character of underdevelopment country?

Underdeveloped countries are characterized by lack of industrial development. The pace of industrialisation in these countries is very slow due to lack of capital formation, paucity in the supply of machinery and tools and also due to lack of initiative and enterprise on the part of people of these countries.

What is the difference between development and underdevelopment?

Developing countries are countries with a less developed industrial base and a comparatively lower HDI relative to developed countries, whereas underdeveloped countries are countries having the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest HDI ratings.



What are the 10 causes of underdevelopment?

To some people the main causes of underdevelopment of an economy include: Poverty, child marriage, illiteracy, high population growth rate, corruption, high dependence on agriculture, economic inequality, lack of structural, institutional, and technical change.

What are the examples of underdeveloped?

The definition of underdeveloped is having a low standard of living, or immature. An example of something underdeveloped is a country that has many poor people and bad living conditions. An example of something underdeveloped is a small fish that must get thrown back into the lake.

What are the problems of underdeveloped countries?

Problems Faced by Less Developed Countries

  • Population Growth. …
  • Governmental Efforts to Combat Population Growth. …
  • Education for Women to Reduce Population. …
  • Shortage of Resource Capital. …
  • Successful Countries. …
  • Economic Growth in Asian and African Countries. …
  • Scarce Human Capital. …
  • Examples from Tiger Economies.

What is another word for underdeveloped?

In this page you can discover 22 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for underdeveloped, like: nascent, rudimentary, poorly developed, undeveloped, , weak, backward, poor, lagging, and little.

What is underdevelopment in economy?

The underdeveloped economy is one which has low per capita income, high rate of population growth, dependence on backward agriculture, etc as when compared to developed economy.



What is underdevelopment of a country?

Development Goals in English | Economics Video Lectures ·

What are the major causes of underdevelopment in Africa?

The following are the leading causes of underdevelopment in Africa:

  • Corruption. …
  • Poor government policies. …
  • Unemployment. …
  • Insufficient infrastructure. …
  • High Levels of Illiteracy. …
  • Unfavourable business conditions. …
  • Insufficient Skilled Labour. …
  • Poor Public Project Supervision.

What are the causes of underdevelopment Class 10?

Answer: The causes of underdevelopment are low per capita income, low productivity, and high population growth.

What are the causes of underdevelopment in Nigeria?

10 Causes of Underdevelopment in Nigeria

  • Corruption. …
  • Unfavouable Condition for Business. …
  • Over Dependence on Oil. …
  • Unemployment. …
  • Poor Workers Welfare. …
  • Poor Implementation of Government Policies. …
  • Poor Supervision of Projects. …
  • Insurgency.

What are the causes of underdevelopment in Ghana?

According to Akosah-Sarpong, externalists blame the causes of African underdevelopment on external factors such as Western colonialism and imperialism, the transatlantic slave trade, unfair international trade system and practices, and the policies of the World Bank and IMF.



What are the challenges of development?

The Challenges of Development Projects

  • Poor project planning.
  • Inadequate management skills.
  • Lack of accountability.
  • Lack of stakeholder involvement.
  • Unrealistic plans.
  • No measure to evaluate quality.
  • Poor, inconsistent project management discipline.
  • Duplication of efforts.

What causes underdevelopment in third world countries?

The causes of under development are varied and widespread. The literature lists a plethora of them; poverty, over-population, geography and climate, poor education and healthcare, international policies, war, migration and inequality, which by no means exhausts the list.