What are money stock measures?



In macroeconomics, the money supply (or money stock) refers to the total volume of currency held by the public at a particular point in time.

What is included in the money stock?

The money supply is the total amount of money—cash, coins, and balances in bank accounts—in circulation.

What are the 3 measures of money?

There are three measures of money supply M1, M2, and M3. M1 includes all currency in circulation, traveler’s checks, demand deposits at commercial banks held by the public, and other checkable deposits.

Is currency M1 or M2?





The Relationship between M1 and M2 Money. M1 and M2 money are the two mostly commonly used definitions of money. M1 = coins and currency in circulation + checkable (demand) deposit + traveler’s checks. M2 = M1 + savings deposits + money market funds + certificates of deposit + other time deposits.

What is M1 M2 and M3 money?

M1, M2 and M3 are measurements of the United States money supply, known as the money aggregates. M1 includes money in circulation plus checkable deposits in banks. M2 includes M1 plus savings deposits (less than $100,000) and money market mutual funds. M3 includes M2 plus large time deposits in banks.

What is M1 M2 M3/M4 money?

M1 and M2 are known as narrow money. M3 and M4 are known as broad money. These gradations are in decreasing order of liquidity. M1 is most liquid and easiest for transactions whereas M4 is least liquid of all. M3 is the most commonly used measure of money supply.

What is the best measure of money supply?

Understanding M3



The M3 classification is the broadest measure of an economy’s money supply. It emphasizes money as a store-of-value more so than as a medium of exchange, hence the inclusion of less-liquid assets in M3.

What are the four measures of money supply?





These four alternative measures of money supply are labelled M1, M2, M3 and M4. The RBI will collect data and calculate and publish figures of all the four measures.

What are the 4 common definitions of money?

In Money and the Mechanism of Exchange (1875), William Stanley Jevons famously analyzed money in terms of four functions: a medium of exchange, a common measure of value (or unit of account), a standard of value (or standard of deferred payment), and a store of value.

What is real M2 money stock?

M2 is a measure of the U.S. money stock that includes M1 (currency and coins held by the non-bank public, checkable deposits, and travelers’ checks) plus savings deposits (including money market deposit accounts), small time deposits under $100,000, and shares in retail money market mutual funds.

What is M3 in money supply?

Definition of. Broad money (M3) Broad money (M3) includes currency, deposits with an agreed maturity of up to two years, deposits redeemable at notice of up to three months and repurchase agreements, money market fund shares/units and debt securities up to two years.

Are bank reserves M2?

M1: Bank reserves are not included in M1. M2: Represents M1 and “close substitutes” for M1. M2 is a broader classification of money than M1. M2 is a key economic indicator used to forecast inflation.



What is money supply M0 M1 M2 M3?

In short, there are two types of money. Central bank money (M0)- obligations of a central bank, including currency and central bank depository accounts. Commercial bank money (M1-M3) – obligations of commercial banks, including current accounts and savings accounts.

What is M2 money supply today?

US M2 Money Supply is at a current level of 21.71T, up from 21.67T last month and up from 20.62T one year ago.

What is M1 money?

M1 money is a country’s basic money supply that’s used as a medium of exchange. M1 includes demand deposits and checking accounts, which are the most commonly used exchange mediums through the use of debit cards and ATMs.

What is not included in M1?

M1 is a narrow measure of the money supply that includes physical currency, demand deposits, traveler’s checks, and other checkable deposits. M1 does not include financial assets, such as savings accounts, term deposits, and bonds.

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Why are demand deposits included in the stock of money?

Demand deposits are accounts that allow people to withdraw money as and when required. They are important in consumer spending, as the funds typically hold the money used in day-to-day transactions. Common examples of demand deposits would be amounts in a checking or savings account.

What is in the M1 money supply?

The M1 money supply is composed of Federal Reserve notes—otherwise known as bills or paper money—and coins that are in circulation outside of the Federal Reserve Banks and the vaults of depository institutions. Paper money is the most significant component of a nation’s money supply.

What is M0 M1 M2 M3 money supply?

In short, there are two types of money. Central bank money (M0)- obligations of a central bank, including currency and central bank depository accounts. Commercial bank money (M1-M3) – obligations of commercial banks, including current accounts and savings accounts.

What is the M1 and M2 money supply?

M1 money supply includes those monies that are very liquid such as cash, checkable (demand) deposits, and traveler’s checks M2 money supply is less liquid in nature and includes M1 plus savings and time deposits, certificates of deposits, and money market funds.