An evaluation matrix is a tool used to evaluate and compare multiple options or choices based on a set of predetermined criteria. It is a structured method that allows decisionmakers to systematically assess and prioritize different alternatives.
Key Facts
 Identify the evaluation criteria: Determine the factors or criteria that are important for evaluating the options or choices you have. These criteria should be relevant to the decision you are making. For example, if you are evaluating different software options, criteria could include cost, features, userfriendliness, and customer support.
 List the options: Identify the different options or choices you are considering. This could be different products, services, vendors, or any other alternatives that you need to evaluate.
 Create a matrix: Set up a table or grid with the options listed in the rows and the evaluation criteria listed in the columns. This matrix will allow you to compare and evaluate each option based on the criteria.
 Assign weights: Assign weights or importance values to each criterion based on their relative importance to the decision. This will help prioritize the criteria and give more weight to the ones that are more significant.
 Evaluate each option: Assess and rate each option for each criterion. Use a rating scale, such as a numerical scale or a Likert scale, to assign scores or ratings to each option for each criterion. This will help quantify and compare the performance of each option.
 Calculate scores: Multiply the ratings of each option by the corresponding weights assigned to the criteria. Sum up the weighted scores for each option to calculate a total score.
 Analyze and make a decision: Review the scores and analyze the results. Consider the total scores, as well as any specific patterns or trends that emerge from the evaluation matrix. Use this analysis to make an informed decision based on the evaluation.
Steps to Write an Evaluation Matrix

Identify the Evaluation Criteria
Determine the factors or criteria that are important for evaluating the options or choices you have. These criteria should be relevant to the decision you are making. For example, if you are evaluating different software options, criteria could include cost, features, userfriendliness, and customer support.

List the Options
Identify the different options or choices you are considering. This could be different products, services, vendors, or any other alternatives that you need to evaluate.

Create a Matrix
Set up a table or grid with the options listed in the rows and the evaluation criteria listed in the columns. This matrix will allow you to compare and evaluate each option based on the criteria.

Assign Weights
Assign weights or importance values to each criterion based on their relative importance to the decision. This will help prioritize the criteria and give more weight to the ones that are more significant.

Evaluate Each Option
Assess and rate each option for each criterion. Use a rating scale, such as a numerical scale or a Likert scale, to assign scores or ratings to each option for each criterion. This will help quantify and compare the performance of each option.

Calculate Scores
Multiply the ratings of each option by the corresponding weights assigned to the criteria. Sum up the weighted scores for each option to calculate a total score.

Analyze and Make a Decision
Review the scores and analyze the results. Consider the total scores, as well as any specific patterns or trends that emerge from the evaluation matrix. Use this analysis to make an informed decision based on the evaluation.
Conclusion
An evaluation matrix is a valuable tool for making informed decisions by systematically comparing and evaluating multiple options based on predetermined criteria. It provides a structured approach to assess and prioritize different alternatives, considering their strengths and weaknesses. By following the steps outlined above, you can create an effective evaluation matrix that aids in making wellinformed decisions.
References
 Asana. (2023, October 30). 7 Quick Steps to Create a Decision Matrix, with Examples. Retrieved from https://asana.com/resources/decisionmatrixexamples
 USAID Learning Lab. (2015, July 31). Evaluation Design Matrix Templates. Retrieved from https://usaidlearninglab.org/resources/evaluationdesignmatrixtemplates
 Service Design Tools. (n.d.). Evaluation Matrix. Retrieved from https://servicedesigntools.org/tools/evaluationmatrix
FAQs

What is an evaluation matrix?
An evaluation matrix is a tool used to evaluate and compare multiple options or choices based on a set of predetermined criteria. It allows decisionmakers to systematically assess and prioritize different alternatives.

When should I use an evaluation matrix?
An evaluation matrix is useful when you need to make a decision between several options and there are multiple factors to consider. It helps you compare the options objectively and make an informed decision.

How do I create an evaluation matrix?
To create an evaluation matrix, follow these steps:
 Identify the evaluation criteria.
 List the options.
 Create a matrix with the options in rows and criteria in columns.
 Assign weights to each criterion.
 Evaluate each option against each criterion and assign scores.
 Calculate the total score for each option by multiplying scores by weights.
 Analyze the results and make a decision.

What are some common evaluation criteria?
Common evaluation criteria include cost, quality, features, benefits, risks, and feasibility. The specific criteria you choose will depend on the decision you are making.

How do I assign weights to evaluation criteria?
Assign weights to criteria based on their relative importance to the decision. For example, if cost is a more important factor than quality, assign a higher weight to cost.

How do I evaluate options against each criterion?
Evaluate each option against each criterion using a rating scale, such as a numerical scale or a Likert scale. For example, you might use a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the lowest rating and 5 being the highest.

How do I calculate the total score for each option?
To calculate the total score for each option, multiply the rating for each criterion by the weight assigned to that criterion. Then, sum up the weighted scores for each option.

How do I make a decision based on the evaluation matrix?
Review the total scores and analyze the results of the evaluation matrix. Consider the strengths and weaknesses of each option and make a decision based on the information presented in the matrix.