How do you cite the IOM report To Err is Human in APA?

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the United States published in 1999 the report “To err is human” on errors in health care. The report showed that between 44,000 and 98,000 people died in U.S. hospitals each year as a result of preventable errors. Other international studies, such as the one conducted by the Hospitals for Europe working group on the quality of hospital care, estimated in 2000 that one in ten patients in hospitals in Europe suffer adverse events related to their care.

The American Institute of Medicine’s publication “To err is Human: Building a Safer Health System” in 1999 changed the approach to patient safety in healthcare organizations around the world and led to the creation of the World Patient Safety Alliance. Errors in healthcare have an impact on patients, their families, healthcare organizations and society as a whole. Their high cost has led the Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs to establish strategic planning within the framework of patient safety. The clinical laboratory is involved in most clinical decisions and thus influences patient safety. According to the ENEAS study, 25-30% of laboratory errors have an impact on patient care and 6-10% cause adverse effects, 75-84% of which could have been prevented. Most laboratory errors occur in the pre-analytical (71%) and post-analytical (20%) phases. Among them, inadequate identification of the patient or his biological samples stands out. Here are some strategies to reduce errors in the clinical laboratory in different fields of action: promotion of a culture of patient safety, correct identification of patients and their biological samples, reporting of incidents and adverse effects, and risk management.

How do you cite the IOM report To Err is Human in APA?

APA Citation Kohn, L. T., Corrigan, J., & Donaldson, M. S. (2000). To err is human: Building a safer health system. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

How do you cite to err is human building safer health system?

Citation Text: Kohn KT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS, eds. Washington, DC: Committee on Quality Health Care in America, Institute of Medicine: National Academy Press; 1999.

How do you cite a medical report in APA?

To cite a report in a reference entry, include the author, year, title of the report, the report number (if there is one), and the publisher. In-text citations would follow the typical format of including the author (or authoring organization) and year of publication.

How do I cite an online report in APA?

To reference a report with an individual author, include the author’s name and initials, the report title (italicized), the report number, the organization that published it, and the URL (if accessed online, e.g. as a PDF). Note that brochures are cited in a similar format.

How do you cite National Institute of Mental Health?

Citation Examples

  1. Director’s Message. Gordon, J.A. (2021, October 6). …
  2. Online Publication. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health. …
  3. Press Release. National Institute of Mental Health. …
  4. Print Publication. …
  5. Video/Audio. …
  6. Webpage.


What is the quote To Err Is Human?

Alexander Pope, poet of the Enlightenment, lent a famous line from his 1711 treatise An Essay on Criticism to the US Institutes of Medicine’s report on patient safety: To Err is Human.

What was the result of the 1999 Institute of Medicine IOM report?

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a report in 1999 entitled “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System”. The report stated that errors cause between 44 000 and 98 000 deaths every year in American hospitals, and over one million injuries.

How do you cite a report in APA 7th edition?

Basic format to reference a report

  1. Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials. …
  2. Year.
  3. Title of report (In italics. …
  4. Publisher information (if the author and the publisher are the same, omit the publisher)
  5. DOI or URL.
  6. The first line of each citation is left adjusted.


How do you cite a report in APA with no author?

Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication. When a work has no identified author, cite in text the first few words of the article title using double quotation marks, “headline-style” capitalization, and the year.

How do you cite a medical document?

Provide a description of the document in the Title of Source element and a description of the record in the Title of Container element, followed by the date of the document. In the second container, list the name of the website and the URL: Biopsy report. Author’s military medical record, 10 Sept.

How do you cite a report in APA 7th edition with no author?

No Author. If a source does not have an author or editor, use the title as the first part of the citation. For both the reference list and in-text citations, use italics for book titles.

How do you cite in APA a website with no author?

Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010). Note: Use the full title of the web page if it is short for the parenthetical citation.

How do you in text cite a website in APA without author?

Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Keep in mind that the author may be an organization rather than a person. For sources with no author, use the title in place of an author. For sources with no date use n.d. (for no date) in place of the year: (Smith, n.d.).

Who said to err is human but to really foul things up you need a computer?

Paul Ehrlich

Thought for Today: “To err is human but to really foul things up requires a computer.” —Paul Ehrlich , American scientist (1926- ).

Who said to err is human to forgive?

poet Alexander Pope

It comes from the 18th century English poet Alexander Pope. He wrote about forgiveness in an essay titled “An Essay on Criticism.”

Who coined the phrase Errare Humanum Est To err is human?

To err is human may refer to: “To err is human, to forgive divine” a quote from Alexander Pope’s poem An Essay on Criticism. Errare humanum est, a Latin proverb.

What was the government’s response to the Harvard report To Err Is Human?

The report had a huge impact on management of health care. As a result of the report President Bill Clinton signed Senate bill 580, the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999, which renamed The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research to Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to indicate a change in focus.

How has healthcare improved since To Err Is Human?

Between , HACs went down by 13 percent, cutting $7.7 billion in costs and saving an estimated 20,500 lives. These gains build on improvements made in earlier years. Between , the nation saw 2.1 million fewer hospital-acquired conditions than in previous years.

What does the saying To Err Is Human to forgive divine mean?

To err is human, to forgive divine often praises those who forgive others under difficult circumstances, or it urges forgiveness from people holding onto their anger. Bad and unacceptable things happen in life.

What does err is human mean?

Definition of to err is human

formal. : it is normal for people to make mistakes.

Who said to err is human but to really foul things up you need a computer?

Paul Ehrlich

Thought for Today: “To err is human but to really foul things up requires a computer.” —Paul Ehrlich , American scientist (1926- ).

How would you explain the line to err is human Do you agree with this line?

saying. something that you say that means that it is natural for people to make mistakes and it is important to forgive people when they do.