Are joint costs allocated to by products?

Joint Cost Allocation Allocate joint costs to the primary output products of the joint process, not the incidental byproducts or scrap. Allocate them using a physical measure or a monetary measure.

Why are joint costs allocated to individual products?

Reasons for Allocating Joint Costs to Individual Products



For cost reimbursement under contracts where not all the separable products go to a single customer so that allocation of the joint costs is necessary. For settlement of insurance claims involving separable products at or beyond split-off.

How is joint production cost allocated?

How to Allocate Joint Costs

  1. Allocate based on sales value. Add up all production costs through the split-off point, then determine the sales value of all joint products as of the same split-off point, and then assign the costs based on the sales values. …
  2. Allocate based on gross margin.


What are common methods for allocating joint costs?

The four acceptable joint cost allocation methods are given below:

  • Market or sales value method. …
  • Quantitative or physical unit method. …
  • Average unit cost method. …
  • Weighted average method.


What is joint cost How is joint cost allocated to main product?

Joint costs arise when an organization produces multiple products and its cost function is not fully separable. Some costs, then, “jointly” produce the products. Cost allocation is the phrase used to describe the procedures by which product costs are constructed in the face of joint costs.

What are three methods of allocating joint costs?

Three methods of allocating joint product costs are the physical units method, the market value method, and the net realizable method. The constant gross margin percentage method is also used to allocate joint cost.

What is the difference between joint cost and by-products?

A joint product is manufactured consciously and simultaneously along with the main product, whereas the by-product is simply an incidental result of the manufacturing of the main product.

What is the difference between joint product and byproduct?

When the production of two or more products of similar value, are made together with same input and process, is called joint product. The term by-product means a product which is incidentally produced, during the processing operation of another product. Joint products have same economic value.

How do you account for by-products in cost accounting?

There are two ways of accounting for a by-product: the production method and the sales method. Under the production method, a product’s sales value is recognised in the accounting period in which the product is produced, and the by-product is considered as inventory.

How do you allocate joint costs using physical output method?

Joint Cost Allocation



To use this method, simply divide the total production cost by the appropriate measure of output volume to yield the cost per unit of output. One type of monetary measure of joint cost allocation is the sales value method.

How do you calculate joint cost?

One of the simplest methods to apportion joint cost is the average unit cost method. Here, the average cost per unit is calculated by simply dividing the total cost of all the joint products incurred before their splitting-off, by the total of the number of units produced all together.

Which is a criterion that should be met to allocate joint costs?

Three criteria must be evaluated to identify valid activities that would require the allocation of joint costs. These criteria are related to purpose, audience, and content. The allocation methodology should be rational, systematic, and applied consistently.

What is the meaning of joint cost in accounting?

A joint cost is an expenditure that benefits more than one product, and for which it is not possible to separate the contribution to each product. The accountant needs to determine a consistent method for allocating joint costs to products.

What are the different methods of costing by-products?

Product costing methods are used to assign a cost to a manufactured product. The main costing methods available are process costing, job costing, direct costing, and throughput costing. Each of these methods applies to different production and decision environments.

Are joint costs sunk costs?

In a sense, joint costs are sunk costs with respect to this decision, and will not influence future processing decisions. Thus joint costs incurred prior to the split-off point are irrelevant to the decision whether to process further after the split-off point.

Why joint costs need to be apportioned to each joint product produced by the company?

Treatment of joint costs



The joint costs need to be apportioned between the joint products at the split-off point to obtain the cost of each of the products in order to value closing inventory and cost of sales.

Are by products charged with any cost?

The by-product account is charged with this estimated amount. In addition, the production (manufacturing) cost of the main product is credited. Any additional costs in terms of materials, labor, or factory overheads that are incurred after the split-off from the main product are charged to the by-product.

What is joint product and by-product with example?

Joint Product Costs and the Splitoff Point

Why is joint cost important?

The universal value of significant and insignificant rate is not set, so by sharing the joint cost, the profit of a certain product is judged by the management. To control the cost and make important decisions on this aspect, the joint cost has a lead role.

Why do we need cost allocation?

Cost allocation provides the management with important data about cost utilization that they can use in making decisions. It shows the cost objects that take up most of the costs and helps determine if the departments or products are profitable enough to justify the costs allocated.

Is joint cost relevant for decision making?

Question: Joint costs are not relevant to the decision to sell a product at the split-off point or to process the product further.

What is joint product in cost accounting?

Joint products are two or more products that are generated within a single production process. They can’t be produced separately and will incur undifferentiated joint costs. Take charge of your invoicing with SumUp Invoices. Joint products can’t be separated until a specific ‘split-off point’ or ‘separation point’.

What is the difference between a joint product and by-product?

When the production of two or more products of similar value, are made together with same input and process, is called joint product. The term by-product means a product which is incidentally produced, during the processing operation of another product. Joint products have same economic value.

What are examples of byproducts?

Some common examples of byproducts are:

  • Food fines from the cereal processing.
  • Molasses in sugar refining.
  • Fruit oils recovered during the peeling of processed fruit.
  • Straw from grain harvesting.
  • Salt yielded during the desalination of water.
  • Ash from fuel combustion.
  • Buttermilk in the manufacture of butter.